The most important thing that distinguishes American hosting from any other is its huge variety. In the US, thousands of providers offering a wide range of services, and, accordingly, very different in their prices. Therefore, the choice of a provider in the US is sometimes very difficult. It is almost impossible to identify any specific features inherent in the American hosting – you can choose for every taste.
In this article we will consider only the most massive hosting, which is used by most Americans. In addition to it, there are other types, for example, such as corporate hosting, on which we will not dwell. We also will not consider free and ‘almost free’ hosting – all this is materials for individual articles.
Hosting in the USA is provided by both specialized hosting companies and providers providing Internet connection. The second type of hosting is the most primitive and expensive, and yet quite a few use it, because it is convenient – it is easier to deal with one company than with several. The convenience is imaginary, since for an ISP that provides an Internet connection, hosting is a side business in which it almost invests neither money nor time. Yes, and experience in this area he, as a rule, is not enough – it’s just not his business. However, many, especially newcomers to the Internet, do not understand all this and take what is closer.
However, most still use the services of specialized hosting companies. As I already wrote, the choice is huge, so the most important thing is to decide what you need, and then start searching for the provider. But this is a separate and very big topic.
The most common hosting in the United States, as elsewhere, is based on Unix or Linux platforms. It is good because it is a reliable and cheap platform, it suits the majority of users. The only thing that is being added to almost all plans for such hosting is the support of FrontPage extensions, since these extensions greatly increase the functionality of the hosting and, accordingly, its popularity.
The second type of hosting, also very popular in the USA, is the Windows platform. Either Windows 2000 Server or Windows Server 2003 is used as a server. This is a more expensive type of hosting, since Windows itself is rather expensive compared to much cheaper Unix or Linux servers. In addition, since Windows are more vulnerable to viruses and hacker attacks, additional layers of protection have to be installed, which is also not free. If the provider offers Windows and Unix hosting at the same price, it means that its prices for Unix hosting are very high. However, providers like to work with Windows mainly because of the very good support that Microsoft provides. The popularity of this hosting is due to the fact that in the US, many developers use technologies from Microsoft, which are fully supported only by Windows. First of all, it is technologies such as ASP, ASP.NET, ADO, ADO.Net, SQL Server, Microsoft Access, Excel and FoxPro. And although there are special additions that allow, for example, the use of ASP or ASP.NET technology on Unix servers, such programs are expensive, and providers rarely install them. The popularity of Windows hosting has increased especially in recent years due to the proliferation of ASP.NET technologies, as well as the emergence of the latest versions of SQL Server, which by their capabilities have practically become equal to Oracle databases, although they are still cheaper, therefore many companies switch to them . MySQL is rarely used in the United States, especially in business, since all large and medium-sized companies can afford much more powerful and easy-to-use SQL Server databases, and Microsoft Access is very popular in small firms.
Typically, providers offer SQL Server for an additional fee, but not all offer this feature at all. Still, databases such as SQL Server and Oracle are used primarily by corporate clients who have dedicated servers.
Unlike many Russian providers, who are often supposedly “free of charge” to include domain registration in their plans, American providers rarely do this, especially in plans with monthly payments. Often, such registration is offered as an additional service, but even the most uneducated in the hosting Americans are beginning to understand how much easier and cheaper it is to go to a specialized website and register their own domain so that when changing providers, do not depend on anyone and get to the hostage provider . In addition, these specialized companies always offer a lot of additional services related to the domain.
Plans to pay for hosting a lot. Most plans allow you to pay on a monthly basis, with a semi-annual or annual payment a discount is offered, often through the system: if you subscribe for a year, you pay for 11 months. Refunds are usually guaranteed in the period from 14 to 30 days.
In recent years, American hosting has undergone significant changes. First, in connection with the development of modern technology, its prices are plummeting. Secondly, the user support system has changed. At the beginning, almost every provider provided support both by e-mail and by phone, with the obligatory provision of a toll-free number, and often around the clock. All this is directly reflected in the prices. Subsequently, due to the improvement of hosting technologies, increasing the reliability of hosting, simplifying site management, and developing powerful information databases, the need for such support began to diminish. Many providers began to reduce the level of support and due to this provide cheaper hosting. Today you can find both companies providing both full-time support and companies that are limited to providing minimal support in the form of email, infobases and Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ). Alternative support methods are becoming more common – low-standing, but mostly very effective, such as forums on the provider’s website or real-time chat with a specialist.
In the US, there is a huge excess of computer resources, i.e. A huge amount of disk space, transmission range and other computer resources remain unclaimed. All this, as well as the rapid growth of computer technology, suggests that hosting in the United States will continue to improve rapidly and cheapen as well, and this is just what we are seeing today.